Physical and Emotional Effects of Concussions


Post-concussion syndrome is a collection of physical and emotional symptoms that are present after a head injury or trauma has occurred. These symptoms can last from days to weeks or months. The concussion symptoms listed below vary depending on the individual and the severity of the injury. The symptoms of this type of brain injury may be worse for individuals who have had a history of concussions. Others may experience a less severe effect due to proper management once the concussion has occurred.

Physical symptoms:

  • Headache or pressure in the head (the most common symptom)
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Hearing loss and/or tinnitus – ringing noise in the ears
  • Reduced sense of smell and taste
  • Sensitivity to light and noise
  • Difficulty with concentration and balance

Concussion Checklist For Parents and Athletes

Emotional/behavioral symptoms:

  • Easily irritable and sometimes aggressive
  • Depression
  • Having disturbed sleep and feeling constantly tired
  • Reduced sex drive
  • Changes in appetite
  • Lack of energy and motivation
  • Sudden outbursts of emotion or mood swings

It is important to know that these symptoms may not be present or obvious at the time of the injury. The symptoms of traumatic brain injury may be delayed from 24 hours to a week. Therefore, it is crucial to be aware of how your body is changing physically and emotionally after a direct bump, blow, or jolt to the head.

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